Wax Apple Industry in Taiwan: A Success Story (2014)


Wax apple also known as java apple, rose apple, bell fruit and wax jambu, was introduced in Taiwan in 17th Century. In early days, its cultivation was on small scalelimited to gardens and was grown mainly in summer season. Withthe development of improved varieties, and cultivation techniques,its cultivation spread to fairly large areas and has now become one ofthe most popular fruits in Taiwan. It is also now an important crop forexport particularly to China, Hong Kong, Singapore and Canada. It is cultivated mainly in Southern Taiwan. Wax apple is primarily used raw and in juice, jelly, salad and wine making. It is also used for decoration in the Chinese cuisine. With the development of high yielding and better quality varieties, improved agronomic practices, use of improved techniques for extending production period and application of efficient soil management techniques, wax apple is increasingly gaining more importance in Taiwan.

This publication entitled “Wax Apple Industry in Taiwan : A Success Story” embodies: i) importance, ii) general production scenario, iii) improved varieties, iv) cultivation practices, v) post-harvest handling, vi) processing and export, vii) production-market linkage, viii) factors for success of industry, and ix) future prospects and suggested strategy.


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Wax Apple Industry in Taiwan: A Success Story (608)

Agricultural Information and Knowledge for All: Success Stories on ICT/ICM in AR4D in Asia an the Pacific Region, 2013

APAARI has been instrumental in identifying, documenting and disseminating success stories on agricultural innovation and technologies with an aim to enable all ARD stakeholders to adopt successful practices for their systems. We have recently attempted to document four successful initiatives in ICT aiming at open access to agricultural information at the national, regional and global levels.

This publication highlights four success stories namely: i) Open Access to Agricultural Research Journals in India, ii) Empowering Farmers through Rice Knowledge Management Portal in India, iii) AgrobIS: Managing Agrobiodiversity Data and Information in Malaysia, and iv) Knowledge Networking for Agricultural Research for Development: The Philippines K-AgriNet Program. These success stories present different approaches, models, institutional collaboration, partnerships, community participation, and development of need-based information services to promote openness in sharing agricultural information and knowledge and placing it in the public domain for the benefit of wide range of stakeholders.

We hope that this publication will be immensely useful to all those engaged in promoting ICT/ICM for agricultural development in the Asia-Pacific region.

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Linking Farmers to Market: A Success Story of Lettuce Export from Chinese Taipei, 2012

Chinese Taipei is located in subtropical zone and has a mildclimate with average temperature over 22°C. More than 70% area is covered with mountains and hills. The rainfall concentrates in summer months (May-September) and plum rain, cloudburst, flood, and typhoon are also experienced frequently. The climate tends to be warm and humid in summer when most of the warm season vegetables are grown and the cool season vegetables are grown during October-April. The major vegetable crops grown in the country are leafy vegetables, head lettuce, cabbage, tomato, cauliflower, and garlic bulbs. Head lettuce is a cool-season crop and consequently is usually grown in mountainous regions in Chinese Taipei during winter season with fewer pests around. Lettuce is largely grown in the northern and central counties of Taipei, Changhua, Yunlin, and Chiayi in Chinese Taipei. The Chinese Taipei places great importance on the quality, hygiene and safety of exported head lettuces. Good agricultural and manufacturing practices for the head lettuce supply chain for export are strictly imposed. The Council of Agriculture (COA) is well-aware of the need for stricter standards in order to export the farm produce and ensures that the product for export must meet the requirement of rigorous pesticide residue detection tests.

Only those head lettuces that pass the inspection are harvested and exported. This has enhanced the export of head lettuce significantly during the last few years. Japan used to get its lettuce primarily from the Shangtung region of China but they have increasingly switched to lettuce from Yunlin, Chinese Taipei for their winter supply as they can be assured that it will meet their standards for agrichemical use. Japan is the most important market for export of head lettuce from Chinese Taipei. Other important markets for export include USA, Hong Kong, China, and Vietnam. The publication entitled “Linking Farmers to Market: A Success Story of Lettuce Export from Chinese Taipei” comprises six sections: (i) background information, (ii) vegetable production, marketing, and post-harvest handling, (iii) head lettuce industry and postharvest handling for export, (iv) major achievements, (v) future prospects and (vi) conclusion. This status report is a selective case study on linking farmers to markets undertaken in lettuce growing area in Yunlin County in Chinese Taipei which has demonstrated the establishment of successful head lettuce industry through the small farmers organizing themselves in to groups and undertaking lettuce production and marketing.

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