Over the past five decades agricultural development has been a major factor in improving the standard of living for millions of people across the Asia-Pacific region, particularly in China and Southeast Asia. Investment in agricultural research and development (R&D) supported significant increases in agricultural production through the implementation of research-based agricultural methods and new technologies. Agricultural productivity growth, in turn, improved rural incomes, and food and nutrition security, lifting many people out of poverty and allowing a number of countries to diversify their economies beyond agricultural production (World Bank 2007; IAASTD 2008; Fuglie, Wang, and Ball 2012).
This report analyzes and benchmarks indicators of public agricultural R&D for Asia–Pacific. It draws largely from a set of publications based on recent datasets derived from primary surveys prepared by the Agricultural Science and Technology Indicators (ASTI) initiative of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and various secondary datasets. These data have been linked with historical datasets from ASTI and other sources for the region, thereby allowing a more long term analysis of public agricultural R&D investment and capacity trends.